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Located in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar, Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is a 50 km stretch of Ganges River from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon. The dolphin population across India is estimated to be a little over 1,500. Half of these are found in the Ganga in Bihar. It is the only protected area for these endangered dolphins in Asia.
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|Banka||Durian , Indrabaran , Jesth Gaur math , Papharni Tank , Rupsa|
|Bhagalpur||Patharghatta Hill , Shahkund , Sultanganj , Champanagar, Vikramshila|
|Munger||International Yoga University , Munger Fort , Tomb of Pir Shah Nufa , Palace of Shah Suja , Tomb of Mulla Muhammad Said ,Kashtaharni Ghat , Chandi Asthan , Rock carving , Kharagpur Lake , Rameshwar Kund , Pir Pahar , Sita-Kund , Shringhrishi ,Rishikund , Ha-Ha Punch Kumari , Uren ( Buddhist Ruins , Foot print mark and rock inscriptions , Stupa ruins near the footprint mark , The rock carvings near the Stupa site , Buddhist Monastery site at northeastern foot of the hill ), Rajaona ,Bhaduria-bhur , Bhimbandh , Malnipahar , Deoghara , Sangrampur|
|Jamui||Lachhuar , Kundghat , Malachi Gadh , Gidheshwar , Indpe , Simultala|
|Katihar||Baldibari , Belwa , Dubhi-Subhi , Kalyani Lake , Manihari , Nawabganj , Gogabil Lake|
|Araria||Palasi , Basaithi , Madanpur|
|Begusarai||Birpur, Chamtha , Jaimangalagarh , Jhamtia Ghat|
|Kishanganj||Andhasu , Dighalbank , Jiran Garh , Tulshia|
|Madhepura||Chandi Asthan, Singheshwar Asthan , Srinagar , Ramnagar , Basantpur , Biratpur , Baba Karu Khirhar|
|Purnia||Purandevi Temple , Banaili , Barah Asthan , Bhawanipur , Dharhara , Gulab Bag , Majra|
|Nawada||Kakolat , Gonava jee , Sitamarhi , Had-Hadwa Waterfall|
|Vikramshila||Vikramshila University Excavation Site|
|Kahalgaon||NTPC Plant ,|
|Pakud||Siddhu-Kanhu Park, Birkitti, Devinagar, Hot Spring, Kanchangarah, Nityakali Mandir, Shiv Sheetla Mandir, Mahakal Shakti Pith,Diwan-e-Pir, Dharni-Pahar|
|Dumka||Baba Basukinath Dham, Baba Sumeshwarnath, Naag Mandir, Mayurakshi River, Masanjore Dam, Tatloi, Water Park, Shristi Hill Park, Malooti, Hill Range|
|Deoghar||Baidyanath Dham Temple, Shivganga, Nandan Hills, Naulakha Temple, Kundeshwari Temple, Nav Durga Temple, Satsang Ashram, Mahadeo Falls, Harila Joria, Tapovan, Trikut Hills, PagalaBaba Temple , Ramkrishna Mission Ashram , Arogyaa Bhavan, Rikhia Ashram|
|Jamtara||Parwat Vihar Park|
|Giridih||Usri Fall , Khandoli, Madhuban, Parasnath, Jharkhandi Dham, Harihar Dham, Baidadih, Kharagdiha|
|Maldah||Ramkeli, Gour(Baroduari / Boro Sona Mosque, Dakhil Darwaja, Firoz Minar, Chamkati Masjid , Chika Mosque, Luko Churi Gate, Kadam Rasul Mosque , Lattan Mosque, Kotwali Darwaja, Gumti Darwaza), Adina (Adina Dear Park, Hamamghar,Turkey Bath Room – 17th Centuries, Pandab Dallan Minar, Atbart Dighi, Adina Mosque), Pandua (Kutubshahi Masjid, Eklakhi Mausoleum),Jagjibanpur|
|International Sites||Angkor Wat – Combodia, Ancient Temples of Vietnam and Laos , Sultanganj Buddha – Birmingham, England|
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Valmiki National Park W. Champaran
Valmiki Vany Prani Sanctuary W. Champaran
Bhimbandh Sanctuary Monger
Pant Vany Prani Sanctuary Nalanda
Kaimur Sanctuary Rohtas
Gautam Budha Bird Sanctuary Gaya
Udaypur Vany Prani Sanctuary W. Champaran
Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui
Nakti Dam Bird Sanctuary Jamui
Vikaramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary Bhagalpur
Kanwar Jheel Bird Sanctuary Begusarai
Baraila Jheel Salim ali Jhbba Sahni Bird Sanctuary Vaishali
Kusheshwar Sthan Bird Sanctuary
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Area : 682 sq. km.
Location : In Kharagpur subdivision of Munger District.
Best Time to Visit : October and June.
Speciality : Tiger, Panther, Wild Boar, Sambhar, Chittals and Nilgai.
This Sanctuary is close to Bhagalpur. It is another home to a variety of wildlife. Besides tiger, panther, wild boar, sambhar, chittals and nilgai, the forests here are famous for hot water springs which are said to contain traces of radio active
Bhimbandh is a village in the Kharagpur subdivision, within the Kharagpur police-station with an area of 4137 acres. It is situated about 12 miles south-west of Kharagpur and four miles north of Guddih. Close to the village are some hot springs, called Tatal-pani (Tapta-pani) with are by far the finest in the district. The District Gazetteer of Monghyr published in 1926 quoted Captain Sherwill “The first spring is situated about 300 yards to north of village immediately under a small detached Hill named Mahadeva, from whose base the water issued in a fine stream at temperature of 1470 Fahrenheit . A few hundred yards farther to the north, at foot of the hornstone hill Damadama, we came upon a region of hot springs. Hot water appeared to be spouting from the ground in every direction; the principal spring, of which there are eight or ten, had uniform temperature of 1450, all rising within a space of about 300 yards square.
Across numerous hot streams are, of course, many foot-paths used by the cultivators round about Bhimbhand, but nowhere at the point of crossing did one find water above 1200, and even the temperature made the men and woman hurry the stream when fording from bank to bank. To the European skins the hit of 1100 was intolerable, nor could of the party walk coolly across any of the fords at that temperature without being severely scalded not blister. Luxuriant crops of rice raised by the aid of the streams large fields being fed by the water, but at a reduced temperature by leading it in devious courses to the cultivated land. The united waters of all these hot springs are conveyed pool of cold water under an over-hanging rock in that river, called Bhimkund, which is sacred to the Bhima and is visited by pilgrims. These springs, rising at about 300 feet above sea-level are the principal source of the Man itself. The highest temperature recorded by Dr. Buchanan on the 21st March, 1811, was 150`. Sherwill in September of 1847, Waddell in January of 1890, and Schulten in August of 1913, observed temperatures of 147`, 146.2`, and 148` respectively; but Mr. V.H. Jackson considers that there are twelve sources in the Mahadeva group and at least nineteen in the Damadama group; and the hottest of them may not have been observed; readings taken between 1912 and 1919 varied from 145.5` to 146` in the Mahadeva, and from 148` to 148.8` in the Damadama series.
Buchanan noticed that water of the Man, near the springs, was warmer than the atmosphere; and in one place where bubbles were rising in the stream his thermometer registered 98`. Mr. Jackson has traced this to a second series of hot springs along the course of the river, commencing immediately below the Bhimkund and extending for more than a quarter of a mile before the outflow of the first series is reached. Their position varies to some extent from year to year after rains; but when they can be observed above the stream level their temperature is fairly uniform, though not higher than General Cunningham identified the Mahadeva Hill with one mentioned by Hiuen Tsiang in the seventh century A.D. as the site where Buddha overcame the Yaksha Vakula. Hiuen Taisang describes the place as a small solitary double-peaked hill, or, according to another translation, a hill “with successive crags heaped up” situated on the western frontier of Hiranya Parvata, a tract held by recognized authorities to coincide the approximately with the hilly portion of this district.
To the west was six or seven hot springs, the water of which was extremely hot. Colonel Waddell has shown, however, that there are good grounds for doubting this identification and that the natural features of the country do not agree with the description of the Chinese pilgrim. He points out that the hill is not on the western but the southern frontier of Hiranya Parvata; and that the hot springs are not to the west of the hill, but actually upon the hill itself and on its eastern and north-eastern slope. There are no remains of any kind except those of a small brick shrine about four feet square housing a linga; there is no history of there ever having been any remains; and the situation is so remote that had they ever existed, it is scarcely possible that every trace of them would have been swept away.
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Area : 1.9 sq. km
Location : Near Jhajha
Best Time to Visit : October and June
Speciality : Migratory Birds
It is the smallest sanctuary in the state and also a place to look for migratory birds.
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Location : Rajmahal Hills
Best Time to Visit : October and June
Speciality : Mynas, Brahminy Kite, Fishing Eagle, Hose Swift and Palm Swift flying
The Pataura and Berhale lakes, is home to a variety of birds. The concentration is that of different mynas, besides brahminy kite, fishing eagles, hose swift and palm swift flying at dizzying speed.
Paradise-fly catcher is another great attraction when it flies, the tail goes wavy, adding to its beauty.
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Kabar Lake or Kabar Taal or Kanwar Taal Bird Sanctuary at Begusarai is a ” dream spot”. It is Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake. It is approximately three times the size of the Bharatpur Sanctuary. The lake is home to 106 species of resident birds and around 60 migratory birds coming all the way from Central Asia during winter months.
Ornithologist Salim Ali, mentioned about 60 migratory birds that come all the way from Central Asia in winter and recorded around 106 species of resident birds.
Location : 20 kms from Begusarai town
Best Time to Visit : October and June
Speciality : Resident Birds and Migratory Birds
Area: 6311.63 Hectare
Established: Tuesday 20th June 1989
Nearest Bus stop :Jaimanglagadh
Kabar Taal, a 6311.63-hectare Lake is ecologically one of the most important wetlands in the state and is considered one of South Asia’s largest freshwater lakes. The lake hosts 106 species of resident birds and is a nesting ground for 57 species of migratory birds. In addition, the wetland supports a large number of flora and fauna round the year. Economically, too, the lake is significant because it yields about two tonnes of fish everyday and is the single biggest source of irrigation in the area. The wetland is used simultaneously for rice cultivation, fishing, and many other uses. Agriculture is the most important use of the wetland and the basic source of income in the area. In 2004, more than 41 species of fish were recorded from the lake. The lake is known to support a rich and diverse aquatic flora.
In 1986, Kabar Taal was declared a protected area. The wetland, despite being a proposed Ramsar site since 2000, was not included among the 13 others declared as wetlands of international importance in 2002. Kabar Taal of late has drawn national and international attention and the Union government has identified it among the wetlands of national importance– the only one with this designation in Bihar. The Ministry of environment and forest has identified more wetlands, including Kabar Taal, to be included in the list of wetlands of national importance.
There is shrinkage in the wetland’s area from 6,786 ha in 1984 to 6,043 ha in 2002. Despite the government’s declaration of Kabar Taal as a Bird sanctuary in 1989 and subsequent prohibitory measures, Kabar Taal continues to be exploited for fodder, fuel, fish, and other wetland products. The wetland is under threat from anthropogenic pressures. There is threat because of reclamation of land for agriculture and excessive removal of biomass by human population. The lake is threatened by pollution and effluents released by the local habitants. The water of the lake is turbid and acidic in nature. The DO in the lake is 7.6 mg/L. The lake is categorized as highly eutrophic lake. Due to this, the use of the water by the local people has resulted in dermatological and digestive disorders among the inhabitants. The massive inflow of silt is also decreasing the depth of the lakes. Every year about 3.8 cm of silt is deposited in the Kabar Taal Lake.
As a part of its flood control strategy, the State government had constructed a canal in the decade of the fifties, to drain out the excess floodwaters into the Ganga River during the monsoons. However, in the succeeding decades, lack of maintenance caused the sediment deposits to choke this outlet. In 1994, State government wanted to drain the water out of Kabar Taal and convert it into a farmland. According to them, it would be a service to the farmers who have their names entered in the state revenue records as owners of the lake area. This resulted in the loss of biodiversity in the wetland.
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by John Alton Price
When quite a child in India I had gathered, from the odd word I happened to overhear, or the odd attitude one observed when the subject of Railways was mentioned there seemed to be an antipathy towards ‘those Railway people’.
This rather upset me and I thought the attitude was somewhat curious, not to say unfair. I found out as I grew older and a bit more knowledgeable that the Railway people were considered a bit ‘Racy’ and not quite up to the mark or shall we say a bit common. In much later days I was to discover for myself that these opinions were positively unfair and rather, or downright ignorant. I had in my ‘growing up’ days had very little contact with railway people in India, except for the occasional meeting through rail travel.
During my service in the Military I was to be Posted to a quite important Railway Station called Jamalpur, in Bihar. It was early May 1942 and our Unit was transported to a wooded area to set up Camp.
I was to discover that Jamalpur had the third largest Railway Workshop in the World (or so I was told) and was responsible for the training of Railway Engineers who came to the Workshops after they had passed out of their particular schools of academia. Consequently most male members of the town were Railway Engineers of one kind or another, However high or low in status I found them most agreeable. I was never able to have a guided tour of the workshops but I’m sure the inner workings of the railway would have been interesting. In the front of the Workshop buildings, on a three foot high pedestal was placed a Locomotive which happened to be the first Engine to ride the rails of The East Indian Railways. I have a photo of the beautiful machine.
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